How to factory reset your Android smartphone

How to factory reset your Android smartphone

Has your smartphone suddenly frozen or stopped responding? Most of the time, restarting your phone should fix the problem. However, in some more serious cases, you have to resort to a factory reset. This is also something you should do before selling your device to a new owner. Read on to find out how to do both a soft and a hard reset of your Android phone.

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How to restart your Android smartphone

Sometimes, phones freeze up for no apparent reason. While it's annoying, it can usually be fixed quickly and easily by restarting - also known as "rebooting" or doing a "soft reset" of your phone. This will give your phone a fresh start, and in theory, all your photos, apps and settings should be left intact. Here's how to do it:

  1. If your phone suddenly freezes, just hold down its power button for 30 seconds and it will restart itself.

Soft resetting your Android phone is just that simple! Yet, sometimes phones can continue having problems, so it might be necessary to do a factory reset - a more extreme measure that will wipe out all your data, but will usually fix more stubborn issues.

How to factory reset your Android smartphone

If restarting your device doesn't help and your phone is still acting up, you might want to try a factory reset. This will restore your smartphone to its original manufacturer settings. This means that all apps will be erased, along with files, settings and manufacturer app updates. However, you don't have to worry about your phone being rolled back to an earlier version of the Android OS. Your smartphone does not keep an original image of the operating system - once updated, you can't revert to an older version.

The process is also sometimes referred to as formatting or doing a "hard reset". However, hard resetting your Android smartphone isn't actually that difficult. The quickest and most painless way to do a factory reset is through the Settings menu. If that isn't possible, you can also reset in Recovery Mode. Here are the instructions for both.

Factory reset your Android phone from the Settings menu

Warning: this process will erase all the data from your device's internal storage, including personal files like photos. Be sure to back up all your phone's data beforehand. The way to do this differs a bit from device to device, but the most common path is:

  1. In the Settings menu, find Backup & reset, then tap Factory data reset and Reset phone.
  2. You'll be prompted to enter your passcode and then to Erase everything.
  3. Once that is done, select the option to reboot your phone.
  4. Then, you can restore your phone's data.
AndroidPIT google play not working 7
Sometimes you just have to go for the last resort. / © NextPit

On Google Pixels and some other stock Android devices you can find the factory reset option this way:

  1. Go to Settings and scroll all the way down to find System.
  2. Tap on System and find the Reset option.
  3. From the list, tap on Eralse all data (factory reset).
  4. You will see a list of data that will be erased, along with signed in accounts and the Reset phone option on the bottom.
  5. Tap it and select Delete all data.
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How to factory reset on most Pixel phones on Android 10. / © NextPit

On a Samsung phone, the menu path is slightly different. Here is how you can factory reset a Samsung smartphone:

  1. Go to Settings, then General Management.
  2. From there, tap on Reset, which you can find at the bottom.
  3. You will see three options - Reset settings, Reset network settings and Factory data reset.
  4. Tap Factory Reset. You should then see a long list of accounts, apps, etc. which will be erased from your phone.
  5. If you've made up your mind, scroll to the bottom, and tap Reset.
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Factory reset path on a Samsung S20 with Android 10 and Samsung One UI. / © NextPit

We must note, however, that if you are experiencing minor issues, the Reset settings or Reset network settings might be better options. The first one will return default settings for all system and manufacturer apps, except the security, language and account settings. However, personal data and settings of downloaded apps won't be affected.

The Reset network settings option will reset all settings for Wi-Fi, mobile data and Bluetooth. We advise you to have your Wi-Fi password saved or written down somewhere else before you do this.

Finally, if you're still having trouble finding the factory reset option on your phone, simply use the search tool and type in 'factory reset'.

Factory reset Android in Recovery Mode

If your phone is so messed up that you can't access your Settings menu, there's still hope. You can reset in Recovery mode, using just the buttons of your phone.

If possible, back up your phone's data first, as this process will remove all data from your phone's internal storage.

  1. Turn your phone off.
  2. Hold the Volume down button, and while doing so, also hold the Power button until the phone turns on.
  3. You'll see the word Start, then you should press Volume down until Recovery mode is highlighted.
  4. Now press the Power button to start recovery mode. You should see an Android robot now.
  5. Once you're in Recovery mode, press and hold the Power button, and while doing so, press the Volume up button once, then let go of the Power button.
  6. Press Volume down until Wipe data/factory reset is highlighted, then press the Power button to select it. 
  7. Once that's done, press the Power button to select Reboot system now.
  8. Then, you can restore your phone's data.

Have you tried doing a soft or hard reset of your Android phone? How did it go? Let us know how it went in the comments.

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  • Hello i`m from Kenya and unable to flash my phone which is in Factory mode please help.

  • my android umx has decided to only show chinese letters. not as shown on you tube with the left side symboles but from top to bottom left to right the whole screen is in chinese. I took the battery out several times on for when it was put back in for the same screen to return. the only english is when it is first coming on it shows umx by android then back to the full screen of chinese. Someone please help!! my husband is in the hospital and this phone is our only link . the virus is keeping us from talking and wen to to keep in touch.

  • Steve 10 months ago Link to comment

    How to bypass or reset the kill switch on Android LG phone

  • Regarding the factory reset. I know that it's soppuse to remove all personal info on a device. Well I had issue where I thought someone had hacked my phone well it turns out someone I know who was very close to me had my device under some kind of mobile device management had full access to my device . Before I discovered what was going on I figured I would do a factory reset on recover mode and just start fresh without loading anything from my old accounts or phone. I soon discovered that I still was having the same issues with my phone issues being settings being changed as to not alert me of any changes being done to my device or to notify me of certain uses of my phone . I don't much about cellphone programming or coding or whatever it's called but what is one suppose to do when a hard factory reset doesn't remove whatever is programed in your phone that is spying on you. Also if you can't remove it and sell your device does that mean that some unsuspecting person can have there info compromised as well .

  • marco sarli
    • Admin
    Jan 14, 2020 Link to comment

    Thanks for the clear information. Everybody should know how to do this. The question is not if you will ever need this but when you will need it

  • My Google Board has stopped working, now I can't even got into my phone with my passcode! Help! I have a Sprint LG Tribute

    Peter M

  • In settings factory reset button is greyed out. I Tried the alternative method of power off and holding buttons simultaneously it no 'start' message appears just the Android logo. What can I do?

  • My Samsung note 3 Hotspot isn't working neither is my screen mirroring what could be the problem and will a factory reset fix this ?

  • Hi,

    thanks for the post. I have an issue I cant really fix, I landed here expecting to get some help. I just did a factory reset of my Xiaomi Redmi Note 6, and when I started it up, I noticed the android version was an old one. Now I cant go back to the one I had before doing the factory reset. Any tips? Thanks in advance.

  • jwayne Oct 16, 2019 Link to comment

    Thanks millions for this valuable information on backing up and factory resetting. I'm 67 years old and wasn't born with a phone in my hand (notice I type using full sentences and punctuation). I just did a reset on my sluggish, crap-filled, pop-up-ad-infected phone. It works like a new one now.

  • Raihan Sep 27, 2019 Link to comment


  • After factory resetting my Motorola G4 it started the Google activation process which requires Wi-Fi I have home Wi-Fi but the phone just continues to search for a network netw

    although I have home and have several networks in the area but it JUST continually searches for networks. what do I do I can't get through the activation process at all without Wi-Fi how do I fix this?

  • Unfortunately Google play services has stopped

  • My Samsung galaxy note 3 doesn't play music through Bluetooth

  • Hello, I am from Ethiopia. I recently got a handle down phone of a family member. which I reset and used. only to find out now that it had some very important data on it. I don't mind losing my data but is there any way to get it back?

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